Born in Kolkata on May 8, 1861, to a highly educated family of reformers, thinkers and educationists, Rabindranath Tagore’s father Maharishi Devendranath and mother Sharda Devi supported him in his endeavours from his early childhood. Becoming the voice of new India, Tagore was in the forefront to improve the educational standard in the country. Later Tagore was enrolled at the University College London where he was to study Law, but he was determined to follow his passion and he chose to study the works of Shakespeare on his own. The profound social and cultural involvement of his family would later play a strong role in the formulation of Rabindranath’s educational priorities. Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560034, Leverage Edu Mumbai, Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti is celebrated to mark his birth day. Art would be studied for its role in furthering the aesthetic imagination and expressing universal themes. In teaching also he believed in presenting difficult levels of literature, which the students might not fully grasp, but which would stimulate them. Unkept hair and bushy beard and altruistic behaviour are characteristic to the scholar who has influenced Indian society as greatly as Mahatma Gandhi did. Thus the greatest of educations for which we came prepared is neglected, and we are made to lose our world to find a bagful of information instead. To seek to realise in a common fellowship of study the meeting of East and West and thus ultimately to strengthen the fundamental conditions of world peace through the free communication of ideas between the two hemispheres. Rabindranath did not write a central educational treatise, and his ideas must be gleaned through his various writings and educational experiments at Santiniketan In general, he envisioned an education that was deeply rooted in one’s immediate surroundings but connected to the cultures of the wider world, predicated upon pleasurable learning and individualized to the personality of the child. The youngest of 13 surviving children, Tagore (nicknamed "Rabi") was born Robindronath Thakur on 7 May 1861 in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta, the son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) and Sarada Devi (1830–1875). He also supported modern dance and was one of the first to recognize the talents of Uday Sankar, who was invited to perform at Santiniketan. I try to assert in my words and works that education has its only meaning and object in freedom–freedom from ignorance about the laws of the universe, and freedom from passion and prejudice in our communication with the human world. Tagore, Rabindranath. It should be noted that Rabindranath in his own person was a living icon of the type of mutuality and creative exchange that he advocated. Seen as the equivalent of Plato’s Academy in India, the school combined Upanishadic principles of teaching with modern education. Andheri East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400069, Leverage Edu Bangalore, Tagore was one of the first to support and bring together different forms of Indian dance. His hunger is for the Epic, but he is supplied with chronicles of facts and dates…Child-nature protests against such calamity with all its power of suffering, subdued at last into silence by punishment. He also realized in a profound manner the importance of the arts for developing empathy and sensitivity, and the necessity for an intimate relationship with one’s cultural and natural environment. Tagore’s educational efforts were ground-breaking in many areas. Leverage Edu helps students make career choice & university admission decisions, using simplified In a poem that expresses Tagore’s goals for international education, he writes: Where the mind is without fear The students were allowed access to the room where he read his new writings to teachers and critics, and they were encouraged to read out their own writings in special literary evenings. His vision of culture was not a static one, but one that advocated new cultural fusions, and he fought for a world where multiple voices were encouraged to interact with one another and to reconcile differences within an overriding commitment to peace and mutual interconnectedness. D-5 Road No. Being the iconic figure in the educational history of India, Rabindranath Tagore was not satisfied with the education system prevalent at that time in the country, which made him isolate himself from it. To study the mind of Man in its realisation of different aspects of truth from diverse points of view. A-258, Bhishma Pitamah Marg, The tremendous excitement and cultural richness of his extended family permitted young Rabindranath to absorb and learn subconsciously at his own pace, giving him a dynamic open model of education, which he later tried to recreate in his school at Santiniketan. ‘something’ and helping you leverage it! Rabindranath Tagore: Birth, Early Life, Family and Education. Defence Colony New Delhi, Delhi 110024, Leverage Edu Bangalore, Translated by William Radice. From our very childhood habits are formed and knowledge is imparted in such a manner that our life is weaned away from nature and our mind and the world are set in opposition from the beginning of our days. Rabindranath Tagore, by his efforts and achievements, is part of a global network of pioneering educators, such as Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Froebel, Montessori and Dewey–and in the contemporary context, Malcolm Knowles–who have striven to create non-authoritarian learning systems appropriate to their respective surroundings. Unfortunately, the Indian education system at present is jay-walking. Nature walks and excursions were a part of the curriculum and students were encouraged to follow the life cycles of insects, birds and plants. In keeping with his theory of subconscious learning, Rabindranath never talked or wrote down to the students, but rather involved them with whatever he was writing or composing. Most of Rabindranath’s dramas were written at Santiniketan and the students took part in both the performing and production sides. New York: Asia Publishing House. Tagore's aesthetic ideals of education as manifested in the school at Santiniketan are discussed. Plot No. In my institution I have attempted to create an atmosphere of naturalness in our relationship with strangers, and the spirit of hospitality which is the first virtue in men that made civilization possible. His cousins, who shared the family mansion, were leaders in theatre, science and a new art movement. Referring to religion, Rabindranath Tagore likens an educational institution to ‘a wide meeting place where all sects may gather together and forget their differences’. Despite being born in an educated family, Tagore did not attend school and rather received the education at home. In the 1890s, he was put in charge of the family’s rural properties in East Bengal. The writing and publishing of periodicals had always been an important aspect of Jorasanko life, and students at Santiniketan were encouraged to create their own publications and put out several illustrated magazines. We may become powerful by knowledge, but we attain fullness by sympathy. (RM) At the age of 16, he started publishing his poems under the pseudonym ‘Bhanusimha’. O’Connell, Kathleen(2002) Rabindranath Tagore: The Poet as Educator, Calcutta:Visva-Bharati, 2002. Rabindranath composed his first poem at age eight which demonstrates the exceptional creativity that he had. my Father, In an essay entitled “A Poet’s School,” he emphasizes the importance of an empathetic sense of interconnectedness with the surrounding world: We have come to this world to accept it, not merely to know it. Rabindranath Tagore’s Philosophy on Indian Education. Drawing on his home life at Jorasanko, Rabindranath tried to create an atmosphere in which the arts would become instinctive. Leverage Edu is a one-stop-shop for all your career-related needs - right from finding the best-fit college His first experiments in adult education were carried out there as he gradually became aware of the acute material and cultural poverty that permeated the villages, as well as the great divide between the uneducated rural areas and the city elites. Boston: Beacon Press. His elder brother was a poet and his sister a renowned novelist, which influenced him to read the works of various poets and philosophers including Kalidasa. 91 Springboard, Lotus Building The book is a part of the UNESCO Collection of Representative Works. Tagore, Rabindranath (1961) The Religion of Man. how to cite this article. One of the first areas to be emphasized was music. This was particularly so after the first decade of the school. (Rabindranath Tagore, Personality,1917: 116-17), In Tagore’s philosophy of education, the aesthetic development of the senses was as important as the intellectual–if not more so–and music, literature, art, dance and drama were given great prominence in the daily life of the school.
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